Glossary of Terms


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Tax Exempt
Duke University and Duke University Health System's status of "tax exempt" is an IRS status, not the state of North Carolina. The state of North Carolina requires that Duke and DUHS collect sales tax on all non-exempted revenue.

Both organizations are also required to pay sales or use tax on purchases. Duke and DUHS have been issued direct pay permits, which allows for the self-assessment of use tax rather than paying sales tax to vendors, with the exception of purchases from hotels, restaurants, and food caterers.

Duke University and DUHS qualify as nonprofit organizations, and therefore are entitled to a semiannual refund of sales/use tax paid in North Carolina on the purchase of tangible personal property used in carrying on nonprofit work.
Technical Desktop Support
The department support person, who provides the first contact for hardware and software support for SAP.
Template
A computer file set up to be used by others indicating layout grid and typography specifications
Three Tier
The "3" in R/3. SAP R/3 uses three-tier computer architecture as defined below. This is a special type of client/server architecture consisting of three well-defined and separate processes, each running on a different platform:

Presentation: the user interface, which runs on the end user's computer (the client) and is actually seen on the end user's desktop.
Application: the functional modules that actually process data. This middle tier runs on a server and is often called the application server.
Database: a database management system (DBMS) that contains master data that Duke owns and stores the data required by the middle tier. This tier runs on a second server called the database server.
The three-tier design has many advantages over traditional two-tier or single-tier designs, the chief ones being:

The added modularity makes it easier to modify or replace one tier without affecting the other tiers.
Separating the application functions from the database functions makes it easier to implement load balancing.1. The user interface, which runs on the end user's computer (the client).
Title Bar
The Title bar is the third bar from the top of each SAP screen and located directly below the Standard Toolbar. The Title Bar contains the name of the current screen displayed for the task or transaction being performed in SAP.
Transaction Code
A Transaction Code is a four digit, alpha-numeric value that can be entered in the Command Field and used as quicker way to navigate to a transaction screen in SAP, as opposed to using lengthy menu paths. The Transaction Code identifies a "transaction" in SAP and links all the screens related to that one transaction (e.g., ME51 = Create a Purchase Requisition, F-02 = Create/Post a Journal Entry, and PO03 = Maintain Job). Transaction Codes must be used in conjunction with Command Codes from any screen other than the initial SAP System screen.

The four-digit Transaction Code for a particular screen can easily be found once on that screen, by following the menu path: System > Status.
Two-up
Printing two copies of each page on a single sheet. They are eventually trimmed into separate entities after binding.
Typeface
Another term for font, a set of typographic letters, numbers and characters all of the same family or style