Glossary of Terms


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R/3
R/3 is an ERP system offered by the SAP company. The R/3 stands for real-time / three-tiered architecture, defined as follows:

The "R" in R/3 = real time. During real-time processing, data is processed immediately, the moment the data is entered into the system. This is different than a "batch mode", in which data is stored and all transactions are processed together, at a later time.
The "3" in R/3 = A three-tier computer architecture comprised of three operational layers as outlined below. The SAP R/3 system uses a special type of client/server architecture consisting of three well-defined and separate processes, each running on a different platform :

Presentation: the user interface, which runs on the end user's computer (the client) and is actually seen on the end user's desktop.
Application: the functional modules that actually process data. This middle tier runs on a server and is often called the application server.
Database: a database management system (DBMS) that contains master data that Duke owns and stores the data required by the middle tier. This tier runs on a second server called the database server.
The three-tier design has many advantages over traditional two-tier or single-tier designs, the chief ones being:

The added modularity makes it easier to modify or replace one tier without affecting the other tiers.
Separating the application functions from the database functions makes it easier to implement load balancing.
Random Proofs
Pre-press proof showing the scan quality of a halftone, duotone or color separation that is not yet assembled with type and other elements. Also called loose or scatter proofs.
Real Time
The "R" in R/3. Data is processed the moment it enters a system, as opposed to old-style "batch" processing where the information enters the system, is stored, and is processed at a later time.
Reasonableness
Reasonableness, allowability, allocability, and consistency are the main factors affecting the determination of a direct cost. Per government regulation (OMB Circular A-21 section C.3.) a cost may be considered reasonable if the nature of the goods or services acquired or applied, and the amount involved therefore, reflect the action that a prudent person would have taken under circumstances prevailing at the time the decision to incur the cost was made.
Reconciliation
Verification of financial transactions
Register
In printing, fitting of two or more printing images in exact alignment with each other
Register sheet
A sheet used to obtain correct position and register when printing
REQ
Abbreviation found on Biweekly Leave, Gross Pay Computation, and Distribution Reports. Stands for: Requisition for Payment of Personal Service payment data (paid to a student or student's spouse only, not currently active on the payroll).
Resident Alien
To be classified as a resident alien, the individual must meet one of two tests:

1. Green Card Test


A non-resident alien is a lawful permanent resident of the U.S. at any time if they have been given the privilege, according to the immigration laws, of residing permanently as an immigrant. This status usually exists if the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services has issued a green card.



2. Substantial Presence Test


A non-resident alien is classified as a resident alien for tax purposes if they were physically present in the U.S. for 31 days during the current year and 183 days during a three-year period that includes the current year and the two years immediately before that.

Revenue Fund
Profit Centers in the 111xxxx thru 140xxxx series.
Reversed Out
White rendition of an image printed on a black or dark color background in "negative" form
RGB
Red, green, blue- additive primary colors; designation for most computer monitors